Hadron Spectrum in a Two-Colour Baryon-Rich Medium

Hands, Simon and Sitch, Peter and Skullerud, Jon-Ivar (2008) Hadron Spectrum in a Two-Colour Baryon-Rich Medium. Physics Letters B, 662 (5). pp. 405-412. ISSN 0370-2693

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The hadron spectrum of SU(2) lattice gauge theory with two flavours of Wilson quark is studied on an 8(3)×16 lattice using all-to-all propagators, with particular emphasis on the dependence on quark chemical potential μ. As μ is increased from zero the diquark states with non-zero baryon number B respond as expected, while states with B = 0 remain unaffected until the onset of non-zero baryon density at μ = mx/2. Post onset the pi-meson mass increases in accordance with chiral perturbation theory while the rho becomes lighter. In the diquark sector a Goldstone state associated with a superfluid ground state can be identified. A further consequence of superfluidity is an approximate degeneracy between mesons and baryons with the same spacetime and isospin quantum numbers. Finally we find tentative evidence for the binding of states with kaon quantum numbers within the baryonic medium. PACS: 11.15.Ha, 12.40.Yx, 21.65.+f, 24.85.+p

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Chemical potential; Hadron spectrum; Nuclear matter.
Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Experimental Physics
Faculty of Science and Engineering > Mathematics and Statistics
Item ID: 1549
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.physletb.2008.01.078
Depositing User: Dr. Jonivar Skullerud
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2009 09:51
Journal or Publication Title: Physics Letters B
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes

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