A Buddhist Crossroads: Pioneer European Buddhists and Globalizing Asian Networks 1860–1960

Turner, Alicia and Cox, Laurence and Bocking, Brian (2013) A Buddhist Crossroads: Pioneer European Buddhists and Globalizing Asian Networks 1860–1960. Contemporary Buddhism: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 14 (1). pp. 1-16. ISSN 1463-9947

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The period from the later nineteenth to the first half of the twentieth centuries—roughly between the Indian Revolt of 1857 and the withdrawal of most European powers from direct rule in Asia—was one of immense change across Southeast Asia and the Buddhist world. This century saw the emergence of the elements that we now take to constitute modern Buddhism, or the multiple modern Buddhisms: the rise of the laity as practitioners and organizers (including meditation movements), new roles for women, for scholars and indeed for monks, the development of national sanghas and ethno-nationalist Buddhist discourses, and the association of Buddhism with a de-mythologized rationalist and scientific discourse. Moreover, the period saw the creation of new Buddhist institutional structures across Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka and multiple ‘Buddhist Revivals’ (late nineteenth century, turn of the twentieth century and, finally again, around 1956 with the Buddha Jayanti). It also saw the culmination of colonial empires (British, French, Japanese) and nationalism, decolonization and the creation of multiple Buddhist nation-states. It was the formative century for Buddhism, Asian modernity and their various hybrids.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a preprint version of the original published article, which is available at DOI:10.1080/14639947.2013.785244
Keywords: Western Buddhism; Europe; Buddhists; Asian networks; Buddhist Revival; colonialism;
Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > Sociology
Item ID: 4404
Depositing User: Dr. Laurence Cox
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2013 15:13
Journal or Publication Title: Contemporary Buddhism: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Refereed: No

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