Contextual behavioral science: Creating a science more adequate to the human condition

Hayes, Steven C. and Barnes-Holmes, Dermot and Wilson, Kelly G. (2012) Contextual behavioral science: Creating a science more adequate to the human condition. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 1 (1-2). pp. 1-16. ISSN 2212-1447

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The present article describes the nature, scope, and purpose of Contextual Behavioral Science (CBS). Emerging from behavioral psychology but expanding from those roots, CBS is based on contextual assumptions regarding the centrality of situated action, the nature of epistemology versus ontology, and a pragmatic truth criterion linked to the specific goal of predicting-and-influencing psychological events with precision, scope, and depth. These assumptions and goals explain the characteristic features of CBS including its environmentalism, focus on theory and principles, and its reticulated or networked program of theory development, research and practice. Domains of development include increased linkage to multi-dimensional and multi-level evolution science; development of principles that describe the interaction of behavior and symbolic events with genetic, epigenetic, and cultural dimensions; expansion of theoretical and model development to a broader range of areas of human complexity; advances in measurement theory and practice; the development of techniques and components linked to contextual processes and principles; broad testing of these methods; additional research on mediation and moderation; more concern for effectiveness and training; and enhancement of a diverse development community.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Contextual Behavioral Science; Functional contextualism; Relational Frame Theory; Acceptance and Commitment Therapy; Behaviorism; Research strategy;
Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
Item ID: 5020
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jcbs.2012.09.004
Depositing User: Prof. Dermot Barnes-Holmes
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2014 09:50
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes

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