Methodological convergence in cognitive mapping research: investigating configurational knowledge.
Journal of Environmental Psychology, 16 (3).
Thirteen tests designed to measure aspects of configurational knowledge were compared and contrasted using
a repeated measures, multi-data collection and multi-data analysis approach. Respondents consisted of 279
first-year undergraduates newly resident to the study area (Swansea, Wales). Respondents completed four
tests, drawn from four different groupings which were consistent in nature. Tests were varied in spatial cueing
(the amount of information supplied) and location cueing (the amount of information requested). In
addition, the data produced were subjected to systematic filtering (a set number of places were removed from
the analysis) and data-defined filtering (guesses and unfamiliar places were removed from the analysis). It is
demonstrated that tests produce differing results and that task demands explain the variances. It is recommended
that multiple, mutually supportive tests should be used to assess individuals’ configurational
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