The Use of Quick Response (QR) Codes in Landmark-Based Pedestrian Navigation


Basari, Anahid and Amirian, Pouria and Winstanley, Adam C. (2014) The Use of Quick Response (QR) Codes in Landmark-Based Pedestrian Navigation. International Journal of Navigation and Observation, 2014 (897103). pp. 1-7. ISSN 1687-5990

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Abstract

Vehicle navigation systems usually simply function by calculating the shortest fastest route over a road network. In contrast, pedestrian navigation can have more diverse concerns. Pedestrians are not constrained to road/path networks; their route may involve going into buildings (where accurate satellite locational signals are not available) and they have different priorities, for example, preferring routes that are quieter or more sheltered from the weather. In addition, there are differences in how people are best directed: pedestrians noticing landmarks such as buildings, doors, and steps rather than junctions and sign posts. Landmarks exist both indoors and outdoors. A system has been developed that uses quick response (QR) codes affixed to registered landmarks allowing users to localise themselves with respect to their route and with navigational instructions given in terms of these landmarks. In addition, the system includes images of each landmark helping users to navigate visually in addition to through textual instructions and route maps. The system runs on a mobile device; the users use the device’s camera to register each landmark’s QR code and so update their position (particularly indoors) and progress through the route itinerary.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2014 Anahid Basiri et al.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Research presented in this paper was funded by a Strategic Research Cluster Grant (07/SRC/I1168) by Science Foundation Ireland under the National Development Plan. The authors gratefully acknowledge this support. This work was financially supported by EU FP7 Marie Curie Initial Training Network MULTI-POS (Multitechnology Positioning Professionals) under Grant no. 316528.
Keywords: QR Codes; Quick Response Codes; Landmark-Based Pedestrian Navigation;
Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Computer Science
Item ID: 8066
Identification Number: 10.1155/2014/897103
Depositing User: Dr. Adam Winstanley
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2017 16:49
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Navigation and Observation
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Refereed: Yes
Funders: Science Foundation Ireland (SFI), EU FP7 Marie Curie Initial Training Network MULTI-POS (Multitechnology Positioning Professionals)
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